Effects of an FSS Reflector on a Microstrip Line Fed Bow-Tie Slot Antenna
Keywords:Frequency selective surface, FSS, Microstrip antennas, Mobile communication systems, Planar antennas, Slot antennas.
This paper describes the analysis of the effects of a frequency selective surface (FSS) on the characteristics of a microstrip line fed antenna with a bow-tie slot in the ground plane for operation in the frequency range 1 to 10 GHz. The use of the FSS is proposed to miniaturize the antenna structure and increase the number of resonance frequencies and the gain. Air gaps can be inserted between the antenna and the FSS to allow for the adjustment of the resonance frequencies and increase the bandwidth. To prove the concept, antenna prototypes printed on a 30×30 mm2 FR4 low-cost substrate are designed, fabricated and tested. Good agreement is obtained between numerical simulations and experimental results, thus validating the proposed design procedure. The obtained miniaturization and multiband effects can be most convenient for multiservice wireless system applications such as WLAN, WiMAX, 4G, and 5G mobile communication systems.