RELIABLE ENERGY-EFFICIENT CROSS-LAYER MECHANISM WITH REALISTIC BATTERY SUPPORT AND QOE ON MOBILE AD-HOC NETWORKS
Keywords:telecommunications, mobile multimedia, MANET, routing protocols, energy-efficient, QoE
The evolution of wireless technologies has led to the need to provide network support for data and video applications and thus foster the development of new types of network configurations. MANETs are an important system for operations that employ network mechanisms to enable a dynamic self-configuration to challenge the routing protocols. These protocols may also be challenged because of a power failure that is more serious than the common network failures and the quality of the multimedia stream. In light of this, a new energy-efficient cross-layer routing mechanism is set out to make an improvement in the main routing protocols. This involves adding decision metrics to all network layers with QoS and QoE guarantees and energy parameters, by choosing the best path with an efficient way to use energy. The proposal has been evaluated in a network simulator which demonstrates the efficiency of increasing energy awareness and maximizing the life time of the network.
 M. Conti and S. Giordano, “Mobile Ad Hoc Networking: Milestones, Challenges and New Research Directions,” Vol.
52, No. 1, pp. 85-96, IEEE Commun. Mag., Jan, 2014.
 Y. Ruqiang, S. Hanghang and Q. Yuning, “Energy-Aware Sensor Node Design with Its Application in Wireless Sensor
Networks,” Vol. 62, No. 5, pp. 1183-1291, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., May, 2013.
 C. Ma and Y.Yang, “A Battery-Aware Scheme for Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc Network,” Vol. 60, No. 8, pp. 3919-
3932, IEEE Trans. Veh. Tech., Oct, 2011.
 T. Han and N. Ansari, “Powering Mobile Networks with Green Energy,” Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 90-96, IEEE Trans.
Wireless Commun., Mar, 2014.
 L. Junhai, Y. Danxia, X. Liu and F. Mingyu, “A Survey of Multicast Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks,”
Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 78-91, IEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts, Mar, 2009.
 N. M. Do, C. H. Hsu, N. Venkatasubramanian, “Video dissemination over Hybrid Cellular and Ad hoc Netoworks,”
Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 274-286, IEEE Trans. on Mobile Computing, 2014.
 L. Cao, T. Dahlberg and Y. Wang, “Performance Evaluation of Energy Efficient Ad Hoc Routing Protocols,” pp. 306-
313, IEEE IPCCC 2007, United States, Apr, 2007.
 W. N. W. Hashim, A. R. M. Shariff, and S. I. Fadilah, “A New Hop-Count and Node-Degree Based Routing Protocol
for Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks,” pp. 310-315, IEEE MICC 2013, Malaysia, Nov, 2013.
 Y. He, W. Xu, and X. Lin. “A Stable Routing Protocol for Highway Mobility over Vehicular Ad hoc Networks,” pp. 1-
5, IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, 2015.
 K. Shafiee, A. Attar and V. C. M. Leung, “WLAN-WiMAX Double-Technology Routing for Vehicular Networks,” pp.
1-6, IEEE VTC Fall, United States, Sep, 2011.
 S. Sarkar and R. Datta. “A trust bases protocol for energy-efficient routing in self-organized MANETs,” pp. 1084-1089,
IEEE India Conference, 2012.
 S. Othmen, A. Belghith, F. Zarai and M. S. Obaidat. “Power and Delay Aware Routing Protocol for Ad hoc Networks,”
pp. 59-64, IEEE International Conference on Computer and Information Technology, 2014.
 G. Rajkumar, R. Kasiram, and D. Parthiban, “Optimizing Throughput with Reduction in Power Consumption and
Performance Comparison of DSR and AODV Routing Protocols,” pp. 943-947, ICCEET, India, Mar, 2012.
 H. Agrawal, P. Johri and A. Kumar. “Emerging Trends in Energy Efficient Routing Protocol,” pp. 523-528,
International Conference on Computing, Communication and Automation, 2015.
 Shivashankar, G. Varaprasad, H. N. Suresh and G. Devaraju. “Implementing a power aware QoS constraints routing
protocol in MANETs,” pp. 1-7, Fourth International Conference on Computing, Communications and Network
 J. Vazifehdan, R. V. Prasad and I. Niemegeers. “Energy-efficient reliable considering residual energy in Wireless Ad
hoc Networks,” Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 434-447, IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, 2013.
 M. R. Jongerden, and B. R. Haverkort, “Which battery model to use?,” Vol. 3, No. 6, pp. 445-457, IET Software,
Institution of Engineering and Technology, Dec, 2009.
 D. N. Rakhmatov and S. B. K. Vrudhula, “An analytical high-level battery model for use in energy management of
portable electronic systems,” pp. 498-493, IEEE/ACM ICCAD, United States, Nov, 2001.
 M. Handy and D. Timmermann, “Simulation with Mobile Wireless Networks with accurate modeling of non-linear
battery effects,” pp. 532-537, Proc. Int’l. Conf. Applied Simulation and Modeling, Sep, 2003.
 D. K. Rodrigue, I. Amadou, G. Chelius and F. Valois, “Routing Protocols: When to use it in terms of Energy,” pp.
2763-2768, IEEE WCNC, China, Apr, 2012.
 U. Engelke, H-J. Zepernick. “Perceptual-based Quality Metrics for Image and Video Services: A Survey,” pp.190-197,
Third EuroNGI Conference on Next Generation Internet Networks, 2007.
 P. Goudarzi and M. Hosseinpour. “Video transmission over MANETs with enhance quality of experience,” Vol. 56,
No. 4, pp.2217-2225, IEEE Trans. on Consumer Electronics, 2011.
 R. Eberhart and S. Yuhui. “Computational Intelligence: Concepts to Implementation,” Imprint: Morgan Kaufmann,
Elsevier, ISBN 9781558607590, Print, pp. 269-372, 2007.
 J. Klaue, B. Rathke and A. Woliz, “Evalvid – A framework for Video Transmission and Quality Evaluation,” Vol.
2794, pp. 255-272, 13th ed., International Conference on Modeling Techniques and Tools for Computer Performance
Evaluation, United States, Sep, 2003. [Online]. Avaiable: http://www.tkn.tu-berlin.de.
 A. Ng. Ming and K-L.A. Yau, “An Energy Efficient Hybrid Wireless Mesh Protocol (HWMP) for IEEE 802.11s Mesh
Networks,” pp. 17-21, ICCSCE, Dec, 2013.
 MSU Video Quality Measurement Tool, “MSU Graphics and Media Laboratory (Video Group),” [Online]. Avaiable:
 YUV Player, “YUV Player Deluxe,” [Online]. Avaiable: http://www.yuvplayer.com/index.html