Characterization of Otto Chips by Particle Swarm Optimization




PSO, particle swarm optimization, surface plasmon resonance, SPR, Otto chip, Regression analysis


Recently a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) optical sensor, based on the Otto configuration --the Otto chip -- has been developed. One essential step in the quality control of the fabrication process is characterization of the active region of several devices in a batch. Characterization is done by measuring the angular spectrum of the optical reflectance on several points across the active region of the device, and determining parameters by regression analysis of the data. Traditional gradient methods used in the regression process are extremely dependent on an initial guess and are not very efficient for batch analysis of curves, when those include poorly defined SPR spectra, where an initial guess may be hard to infer. An alternative approach for the regression problem is to model the analysis as an optimization problem and using an efficient stochastic algorithm. In this paper one discusses the use of Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) for characterization of Otto chip devices. From comparative studies carried out in an existing Otto chip, it is observed that PSO can be a very efficient approach for batch analysis and yields better results when compared with the traditional gradient-based regression method.


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How to Cite

da Silva, A. L. P., Oliveira, S. C., Cavalcanti, G. O., de Almeida Neto, M. A. ., dos Santos, M. R. N., Llamas-Garro, I., Kim, J.-M., Fernandes, G. de F., & Fontana, E. (2021). Characterization of Otto Chips by Particle Swarm Optimization. Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications (JMOe), 20(1), 158–172.



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